Released in 2005 by researcher Jaime Castillo, where this varietal got its name from, Castillo has become one of the most widely planted variety in Colombia. It is the hybridization of Caturra with Timor Hybrid. The main characteristics of Castilo and its sub cultivars are high resistance to coffee leaf rust and diseases. It’s dwarfed stature has also allowed it to be planted in high density resulting in greater yield per hectare.
Castillo coffee exhibits the following traits in its taste profile:
In Colombia, Caturra used to be a commonly planted cultivar due to its high productivity over Typica and Bourbon. However, the downside to Caturra was that it is susceptible to coffee leaf rust and other diseases. To overcome this struggle, Colombia’s National Center for Coffee Investigation (Cenicafe) embarked on a project known as “Colombia sin Roya” which also means Colombia without Rust.
After implementing genetic improvement programmes over many years, the centre managed to create a coffee variety that has high productivity, high resistance, larger beans, longevity and quality as good as the Caturra. Hence, Castillo was born. The centre took the Caturra variety which has a compact stature and crossed it with the Timor-Hybrid, an Arabica-Robusta cross from East Timor that has high rust-resistance. To date, approximately 2.4 billion Castillo trees have been planted.