Ethiopia

Bale Mountain

SGD$9.00

Growing at highlands of southeastern Ethiopia, the green beans are of bluish colour which indicate top quality and gives a well noted distinctive cup characteristics of strawberries, nectar, lemon balm, peach and also mixed chocolate and juiciness of naturally dried.

ORIGIN COUNTRY:
Ethiopia
Region:
Farm:
Farmer:
masl:
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Bale Mountain farms lie on the Arsi-Bale Mountain belt which forms the south-eastern Ethiopian highlands that is above 3,000 metres above sea level (masl). This beautiful mountain range is a nature reserve home to birds and animals. The farms are surrounded by two big rivers and shaded by trees which contributes to better temperature control for the coffee cultivation. As such, the coffee produced are consistent and superior in taste.

The coffee farms are located on altitudes ranging from 1,800 to 2,200 masl. Varietals such as heirloom can be found in this region and they typically undergo wash-processing and natural-sundried-processing. The green beans are bluish in colour and a high cup-quality coffee from this region will have notes of lemon, strawberries, peach and chocolate as well as a rich body.



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What’s a Rich Text element?

The rich text element allows you to create and format headings, paragraphs, blockquotes, images, and video all in one place instead of having to add and format them individually. Just double-click and easily create content.

Static and dynamic content editing

A rich text element can be used with static or dynamic content. For static content, just drop it into any page and begin editing. For dynamic content, add a rich text field to any collection and then connect a rich text element to that field in the settings panel. Voila!

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Beans
Bale Mountain
SCA
86
Price :
SGD$9.00
Origin
Ethiopia
Varietal
Heirloom

Growing at highlands of southeastern Ethiopia, the green beans are of bluish colour which indicate top quality and gives a well noted distinctive cup characteristics of strawberries, nectar, lemon balm, peach and also mixed chocolate and juiciness of naturally dried.

It is widely accepted that Ethiopia is the birthplace of coffee, where the first coffee shrub was discovered. Today, more than 12 million locals are involved in coffee cultivation and its production - an integral part of the Ethiopian culture. A common saying in Ethiopian goes “Buna dabo naw” which means “Coffee is our bread”, signifying the significance and importance of coffee in their life.

Most coffee is grown in the Ethiopian highlands at altitudes ranging from about 1200 to 2200 meters. Ethiopian coffee beans of the species Coffee arabica can be divided into three categories: Longberry, Shortberry, and Mocha. Longberry varieties consist of the largest beans and are often considered of the highest quality in both value and flavor. Shortberry varieties are smaller than the Longberry beans but, are considered a high-grade bean in Eastern Ethiopia where it originates. Also, the Mocha variety is a highly prized commodity. Mocha Harars are known for their peaberry beans that often have complex chocolate, spice, and citrus notes.

The coffee plant, Coffea arabica, originates in Ethiopia. According to legend, the 9th-century goat-herder Kaldi in the region of keffa discovered the coffee plant after noticing the energizing effect the plant had on his flock, but the story did not appear in writing until 1671.

The optimal areas for growing coffee in Ethiopia are mainly in the southern and southwestern areas of the country. These are places like Yirgacheffe, Limu, and Sidamo. However, new regions like Guji and West Arsi have been gaining popularity in recent years.

Bale Mountain
region
Farm
Farmer
ARSI-BALE MOUNTAINS BELT
Munessa Village
Israel Degfa

Bale Mountain farms lie on the Arsi-Bale Mountain belt which forms the south-eastern Ethiopian highlands that is above 3,000 metres above sea level (masl). This beautiful mountain range is a nature reserve home to birds and animals. The farms are surrounded by two big rivers and shaded by trees which contributes to better temperature control for the coffee cultivation. As such, the coffee produced are consistent and superior in taste.

The coffee farms are located on altitudes ranging from 1,800 to 2,200 masl. Varietals such as heirloom can be found in this region and they typically undergo wash-processing and natural-sundried-processing. The green beans are bluish in colour and a high cup-quality coffee from this region will have notes of lemon, strawberries, peach and chocolate as well as a rich body.



Heirloom
Parent X
Typica
Parent Y
Bourbon
Leinage Description

It is estimated that there are 10,000 - 15,000 coffee varieties in Ethiopia alone. Majority of them have yet to even been formally genetically identified. Heirloom varieties are mainly classified into 2 groups:

1. Jimma Agricultural Research Centre (JARC) varieties which researchers have developed these varieties with desirable characteristics like stronger resistance to diseases, pests, and increased yield.

2. Regional landraces - this group of coffee trees refer to those that grow completely in the wild and have yet to be cultivated for commercial use. Thousands of these wild varieties have varying characteristics: yield, flavour profile, etc. Thus, due to the difficulty in naming and identifying every single wild heirloom species, they have all been grouped under the term ‘heirloom’.

Hence, Heirloom varieties are resulted from myriads of cross-breeding between species rather than stemming from one particular variety. They often offer surprising, new and unusual flavours which excite coffee enthusiasts.


Varietal Description

The word ‘heirloom’ describes old cultivars of the Coffea Arabica plant which have existed for a long time. When specialty coffee buyers are unsure what varieties of Typica and Bourbon they are purchasing, they classify these varieties under the umbrella term: heirloom. Hence, when consumers pick up a bag of “heirloom” coffee, there is a chance that the beans are made up of more than 10,000 varieties!

Ethiopian heirloom coffees exhibits the following traits in its taste profile:

  • Tea-like, light body
  • Bright acidity
  • Floral and fruity aroma
  • Flavour notes: berries, apricot, lime

Tasting Notes

Strawberry

Papaya

Floral

Citrus